Muscle strain in chest is now no threat to you.

As the topic, muscle strain in chest suggests it is a tear in the muscles , more specifically the fibers of chest muscle.
Or you can say that the pulled chest muscles and the surrounding soft tissues around it.

Causes of muscle strain in chest:-


Causes can be many for a chest muscle to strain or to tear.
Pulled chest can occur due to many factors as well.
We will look each points carefully.
-Due to overuse, means doing excessive repetition of the mucles fibers and soft tissues.
-Over training like doing more pushups or more bench press.
-Performing physical activity like swimming or weightlifting .
-Games like Golf, tennis , cricket uses more torque by chest muscles to produce more force .
-muscle soreness.
-muscle fatigue
-Not doing proper warms before rigorous games.
-No cool downs being performed by the atheletes after any sporting activity.
-Any Congenital problems.
-Prior might be having frozen shoulder or adhesive capusilitis , so due to it the chest functional range of motion is decreased and its muscle activity is also gone.
-Any trauma or any accident.
-While playing any rough sports like rugby or foobtall, you might get muscle strain in chest.

muscle strain in chest
Muscle strain in chest

Signs and symptoms :-


There can be many symptoms of such problem.
-pain
-swelling
-inflammation
-muscle spams
-reduced range of mition.
-muscle functional inactivity.
-pain when moved that is in abduction and flexion as well.
-some cases might have bruises.
It might be more problamatic , then consult your physician or a Physiotherapist as soon as possible for such problems .
Symptoms in chronic condition may also include if not treated , such as faintness, dizziness, sweating ,difficulty in breathing , fever and also you might not be able to skip.

Also read about :- How Covid has be more dangerous towards this chest muscle strain?

Who are more fragile to such problems?


Especially the old ones and those who have undergone any surgeries prior to it.
-The older peoples or the aged old one are more fragile for chest strain.
-Teenagers does not have that much problems , but can develop it due to any circumstances as mentioned above.
-Toddlers are not much prone towards it.

Also read about:- how you can boost your immunity this covid-19 pandemic at your home?

Diagnosis of muscle strain in chest?


Talking about the diagnosis, if you are facing any chronic problems , immediately go and consult your doctor or a Physiotherapist.
Physio or the doctor will do the assessment and take family history.
Check your heart beat and pulse rate through stethoscope and sphymomanometer.
Physio will check your range of motion of the sterno- clavicular joint and also you scapulo-humeral joint as well.
Will do your mmt that is manual muscle testing to check the grades of muscle activity.

Muscle strain can further be bifurcated as:-


Acute strain:-
If generally occurs because of any recent injuries like just after the incident or any trauma. It is termed as acute muscle strain.

Chronic strain:-
Occurs only if your injury is about 3-6 months when injury had occurred.

Grades in strain:-


Grade 1:-
It is said to be grade 1 when there is damage which is less than 5 percent.

Grade2:-
Compared to Grade1 , more percent damage seen in muscle fibers. Here the muscle strength is lost and also no range of motion is available.

Grade 3:-
The whole fibers are damaged and thus requires immediate surgery.
And cannot be delayed.

Other problems that indicates chest pain can include:-


-loss of blood flow in the heart.
-reduced pumping action of heart.
-any functional loss of lungs expansion and reduction.
-acid reflux causing problem and the pain might refer till chest as well.
-any fracture in the collar bone , clavicle or any kind of dislocation which might be present.

So for a good view generally the Physiotherapist or the doctor tells you for an
-Xray
-ECG
-MRI
This three can easily find out the problem and rule out the disease caused.

Treatment protocol for muscle strain in chest:

The protocol which is generally followed is RICE but POLICE protocol can also be followed.
Which means
P stands for protection of that affected area.
OL stands for optimal loading which intiates the healing process .
And ICE can be understood when you read on further.

The first basic criteria which all the Physiotherapist and doctors suggest is that RICE :-

R for rest . It means the affected part needs rest and no movement to be made at that particular point.
I for icing . It means you ice that part.
For about 3 times a day for 20minutes each. More specifically you should rub the ice across the alignment of fibers present.
C stands for compression at that affected place. You can generally cover the whole area by the bandages. Or you can also do kinesiology taping if he /she is an athelete and wants to play the next match.
E stands for elevation. You elevate that part for proper circulation and oxygen flow is maintained for that affected part.

For more comfort you can take NSAIDS , non steriodal anti inflammatory drugs for the pain reduction.
Drugs like Ibuprofen does a great job over here.
Generally the muscles have formed scar tissue after the muscle starin injury.
So CFM -which is Cross frictional massage can be beneficial. You can take your dominant hand 2 fingers and start massaging with a good ointment for the friction to be reduced. You have to massage it across the muscle fibers.

Dry needling method ?

These trigger points can also be released by using dry needling method.
Only a physical therapist has experience in doing such practices.
The therapist will pierce the trigger points and then leave it for about 5- 10 minutes .

Cupping therapy can also be done.


In cupping therapy , you have to apply the cups on the muscle belly where the trigger points are present . And leave it for about 15-20 minutes , depending upon the condition. You can also do dynamic cupping in it. Which means cupping along with the movements such as abduction and flexion and stretching of chest muscles as well.

Strengthening exercises :-

Further when the pain is reduced.
Once they are stretched after 2-3 days. We can go for strengthening exercises protocol so that no further injuries are possible at this place. Like wall push ups and knee push ups can be useful intially. Then weight training can also be performed. With light weight dumbells the exercise regime should start. And after every session the muscle of chest should completely be stretched for its functional range of motion and mobility.

Muscle anatomy of chest.


Generally the dominant muscle in the chest region which acquires largest surface area is Pectoralis major.
The other muscles present are pectoralis minor , shoulder muscle like the deltoid , upper torso muscles like trapezius and so on.
The main action of pectoralis major is dominant adduction and internal rotation at the shoulder joint.

Origin:-

Origin of pectoralis muscle:- Anterior surface of sternum,Medial half of clavicle that is the sternoclavicular part,costal cartilage and also anterior part of rectus sheath.

Insertion:-Crest of the greater tubercle of humerus

Action:-It is a prime mover in adduction and also assist in internal rotation at shoulder joint as well.

Nerve supply:-Lateral and medial lateral pectoral nerves which is the branch of brachial plexus{C7 -T1}.

Arterial supply:-Pectoral branch of thoraco-acromial artery, the lateral thoracic artery and also the superior thoracic artery as well.

So this was the basic anatomy and alignment of pectoralis muscle.

So this was whole about the muscle strain in chest region. Do let me know in the comment section how did you like it and how much value did it provide you . Do share it and spread the love.

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Summary
Article Name
Muscle strain in chest
Description
What is Muscle strain in chest. Its causes ,sign and symptoms. Physiotherapy Treatment protocol for muscle strain chest .Chest anatomy as well. Who is more fragile towards it. Cupping therapy and dry needling methods can be a solution to it. Check to find out?
Author
Publisher Name
Healthyfynation

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