Analytics of suicides in India
India’s National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) has published yearly reports on suicides since 1967 in the States and Delhi and the Union Territories. Their reports showed an increased suicide rate per 100,000 of the total population from 6.3 in 1978 to 8.9 in 1990. The reported rate then fluctuated, rising between 2006 and 2011, when it reached 11.2. Arya calculated age-standardized suicide rates across the years 2001-2013 using NCRB data. Male rates ranged around 14 per 100,000, while female rates decreased from 9 to 7 per 100,000 over the 13 years. The NCRB reported the total number of suicides in India in 2015 as 133,623, the rate being 10.6 per 100,000 with a male to female ratio of 2.2.
Why so many suicides in India in recent years?
ACCORDING TO A STUDY,OUT OF EVERY 10 PERSONS 4 ARE FOUND TO BE DEPRESSED.
Especially the teenagers[15-20]. The main reasons are as follows –
–Depression– A very serious matter. Teens having Break-ups in a very short age in near about 18-19 and totally going into total depression . To know about the partner it take’s about 6 months or even more than that then how can you decide you partner in very short span.
–Stress-Due to incomplete or pending work being not done.and then Boss or head forces you to compete the pending work.
–Anxiety -When the exam results are out. Whatever your marks are no one can demotivate or demote you.Your own potential is so much that no one can understand and you just could be the next Dr .APJ Abdul Kalam sir,or even the Next Elon Musk or even Next Jeff Bezos. Its that only You can discover your own potential .And work on yourself.
–Pressure– Many times the outsiders such as relatives ,friends pressurise you do get best in your exams or any knid of competitive exams and if not done so then they will laugh or make fun of you in front of many people. this may be termed as Outside Pressure.Many a times internal pressure develops so much and gets so much saturated/frustated that you lead towards thinking of ending life , ultimately suicide.This is Internal pressure.
Recent analytics of suicides in India –
According to NCRB[National crime record bureau], every hour, at least, one student commits suicides and 28 suicides each day are recorded on an average. Its data shows that 10,159 students died by suicide in 2018 with an increase from 9950 cases in 2017, and 9478 in 2016. In Indian states, Maharashtra has the highest number of suicides in 2018 with 1448 with an average of 4 suicides every day.
“Live a little every day, ek hi zindagi mili hai”, you have got only one life, this is the abstract of the eight-page long suicide note written by a deceased postgraduate student at IIT-Hyderabad who was found dead on July 2 last year in his hostel room.
According to an interview given by a psychiatrist “Stress, anxiety disorder, depression, personality disorder“- all these things result in mental illness that leads a student towards suicide. This happens when the students are not familiar with/satisfied with his or her surroundings”. Although fight or argument in friendships and relationships is also a prominent reason for having these feelings.
Parental and peer pressure also have an adverse effect.
Over 300 Non-coronavirus deaths have been occurred due to loneliness,depression-
According to the data, 80 people killed themselves due to loneliness and fear of being tested positive for the virus. The suicides are followed by migrants dying in accidents on their way back home (51), deaths associated with withdrawal symptoms (45), and those related to starvation and financial distress (36).
What we can do on our behalf?
We can give them emotional support and help them in beating/defeating their own fear,depression,any kind of stress and anxiety.Stop calling them by different names by their colour, skin tone, religion , caste . Stop calling them mad, pagal, dimag kharab , or any kind of wrong words or hurt their any kind of sentiment.Support even in their bad times . Because we dont know what is going through in their minds.
These imposed lockdown will go on further for few months till the coronavirus vaccine comes out. Till then provide support/help to our own friends,relatives ,cousins and to every person who is facing these kinds of issues in their life.