Arthritis being a disease is not just wear and tear of body or an old person’s disease. It is beyond it. Let us learn in detail
Arthritis can cause permanent joint changes. These changes is also visible, like knobby finger joints, but often the damage can only be seen on X-ray. Some forms of arthritis also affect the guts, eyes, lungs, kidneys and skin as well.
What is arthritis?
Inflammation of the joints is Arthritis. It may affect one joint or multiple joints. There are 100 plus types of arthritis, with different causes and treatment methods. The major two of the most common types are Osteoarthritis (OA)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA).
Arthritis is incredibly common but isn’t well understood. Actually, “arthritis” isn’t one disease; it’s an off-the-cuff way of relating joint pain or joint disease. There are over 100 forms of arthritis and related conditions. People of all ages, sexes and races can and do have arthritis, and it’s the leading reason behind disability in India and the world. over 50 million adults and 3,00,000 children have some sort of arthritis. it’s commonest among women and occurs more frequently as people develop.
Symptoms of arthritis
These symptoms of arthritis usually develop over time, though they may also appear suddenly. Arthritis is most commonly seen in adults over the age of 65, but it can also develop in children, teens, and younger adults. Arthritis is more common in women than men and in people who are overweight
Common arthritis joint symptoms include swelling, pain, stiffness and decreased range of motion. Symptoms may come and go. they’ll be mild, moderate or severe. they’ll stay about the identical for years but can progress or go downhill over time. Severe arthritis may end up in chronic pain, inability to try to to daily activities and make it difficult to steer or climb stairs
Causes of Arthritis
Cartilage could be a firm but flexible animal tissue in your joints. It protects the joints by absorbing the pressure and shock created after you move and put stress on them. a discount within the normal amount of this cartilage tissue cause some types of arthritis.
Normal wear and tear causes OA, one amongst the foremost common varieties of arthritis. Any kind of infection or injury to the joints can accelerate this natural breakdown of cartilage tissue. Your risk of developing OA could also be higher if you have got a case history of the disease.
What is Rheumatoid Arthritis?
Another common style of arthritis, RA, is an disease. It occurs when your body’s system attacks the tissues of the body. These attacks affect the synovium, a soft tissue in your joints that produces a fluid that nourishes the cartilage and lubricates the joints.
RA may be a disease of the synovium which will invade and destroy a joint. It can eventually cause the destruction of both bone and cartilage inside the joint.
The exact reason behind the immune system’s attacks is unknown. But scientists have discovered genetic markers that increase your risk of developing RA fivefold.
What is osteoarthritis?
Its basically the most defined problem in the world.
Many people face this Arthritis disease in the age old period but nowadays its been more frequent in the age period of 30-40 years.
It quite relevant in both males as well as females.
In short term it means that wear and tear of the tissues present in that capsule at that particular joint.
Osteoarthritis could be present at any 2 articulating surfaces of that particular joint .
It could be present at wrist , fingers especially the MCP joints , knee , foot and many more such joints.
The main problem here is with the pain while flexion of the that joint because the joint space reduces thus causing the wear and tear of soft tissues present.
So crackling pain could be present.
Stiffness could be there due to this arthritis.
Many more types of arthritis :-
Again an inflammatory condition where as it affects only large joints and spine as well.
The cause of it is unknown.
But studies suggest that the person having HlA-B27 gene develop such kind of spondylitis.
At a very early age .
Its an inflammatory condition where your own immune system attacks our own cells causing joint inflammation.
Due to this there is an increased production of skin cells causing psoriasis.
-juvenile iodopathic arthritis
Arthritis caused about the age of 16 or before that.
Its an autoimmune disorder which attacka your own body tissues and cells.
The cause is still unkown .
But studies suugest it occurs beacuse of genetic problems.
It occurs due a condition called hyperuricemia .
Where there is increased level of uric acid in the body.
Which mainly attacks the joint causing arthritis.
Thus it is also called gouty arthritis.
Having gout can be a signal for having any kidney disorder.
Mainly found in the feet.
So now the question arises if you are diagnosed with such problems , what all options are available for you.
Treatment of arthritis by Physiotherapy
Yes the Physiotherapist has the best solution of arthritic disease..
You might have been thinking that your doctor suggested Anti- inflammatory or any medicines.
But these medicines just creates more problem .
And when you leave these medications you are back to square one.
So by following what a Physiotherapist says your problems could be much much releived.
Talking about what a physiotherapist does.
Is he/she first starts assessment of the whole problematic joint by the X-ray and MRI.
Then starts the particular test for that particular joint and starts treating it manually.
Machines also have benefits over it.
Such as Ultrasound could be used to heal the underlying soft tissues.
Treatment of arthritis by medications
Generally it includes painkillers.
NSAIDs (Non-steriodal Anti -inflammatory-disease)
DMARDs (Disease modifying antirheumatic drugs )
Corticosteroid drugs decreases the pain and arthritis.
Many a times arthritis does not get treated as it reaches the final stage.
So the last option which remains is the surgery part.
The cartilge is removed and grown into laboratory.
Then put into the fissure area and then sutured .
Many more research are going on to this arthritis .